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        在线翻译:
        szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
        The Battle of Bosworth Field
            2019-03-12  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

        James Baquet

        We’re still in the 15th century, but now towards the end — 1485, to be exact. The Battle of Bosworth Field was the last significant engagement in the “Wars of the Roses,” a civil war between the House of Lancaster — whose insignia was a red rose — and the House of York, symbolized by a white rose. Henry Tudor was the leader of the victorious Lancastrians, and with this battle he became Henry VII. Richard III, who was killed at Bosworth, was thus the last king of the Plantagenet dynasty.

        Although the Houses of Lancaster and York both descended from Henry II, the first English king of the Plantagenet House, there were complications of all sorts. Since Henry VII’s grandfather was a Tudor who had married a Lancastrian king’s widow, Henry was a Tudor rather than a “pure” Lancaster.

        By some accounts, Richard was a pretty shady character. Charged by his brother (Edward IV) with caring for Edward’s son, the boy-king Edward V, after his death, Richard had the boy declared illegitimate and took the throne for himself. The boy and his younger brother — who would have been next in line for the throne — subsequently disappeared after being imprisoned in the Tower of London, making Richard king — and deeply unpopular. (His actual responsibility for the boys’ death has never been proved.)

        Richard’s weakened popularity encouraged his distant cousin, Henry Tudor of the House of Lancaster, to strike. Richard’s position was further weakened as his supposed allies held back their forces to see which side would be most advantageous to support.

        While Henry kept his smaller force all together, Richard divided his army into three divisions. As one of these struggled against Henry, many of the men in it fled the field. A second division refused to engage entirely. When Richard led a disorganized charge against Henry with his remaining division, one of the allies that had held back took Henry’s side. Richard was killed, and Henry was crowned king.

        The story has a strange epilogue: Richard was soon buried at a monastery, which later fell into ruin. In 2012, his bones were found on that site under a carpark some 19 kilometers from the battle.

        Vocabulary:

        Which words above mean:

        1. wife who survives her husband

        2. symbol, sign

        3. given responsibility

        4. suspicious, untrustworthy

        5. ran away

        6. place where monks live

        7. locked in jail

        8. to one’s benefit

        9. conclusion to a story

        10. problems, difficulties

        深圳报业集团版权所有, 未经授权禁止复制; Copyright 2010, All Rights Reserved.
        Shenzhen Daily E-mail:[email protected]

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