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        在线翻译:
        szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
        The ‘Battle’ of Cajamarca
            2019-02-21  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

        James Baquet

        When talking about the “Battle” of Cajamarca, some writers choose to put what are called “scare quotes” around the word “battle” to indicate that it wasn’t really a battle at all.

        What it was was a massacre following an ambush.

        Atahualpa was the last Incan “emperor.” There they are again, to indicate that he was not an emperor in the same sense as, say, Qin Shihuang, or Charlemagne. The Inca Empire at the time of his death covered much of western South America, centering in the Andes Mountains, and including at one time or another parts of modern Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile and Colombia.

        Into this kingdom in 1532 came the Spanish conquistadors under their leader, Francisco Pizarro.

        Unfortunately, prior to the arrival of the Spanish, the Empire had been weakened by a war of succession between the sons of the previous emperor: illegitimate Atahualpa versus his half-brother, the legitimate Huascar. This was precipitated by the sudden death in 1528 of their father and his designated heir, probably from smallpox introduced by the Spanish. Atahualpa, the people’s favorite, emerged victorious.

        Nevertheless, because Pizarro had with him only around 170 men, the Incas had vastly superior numbers: approximately 80,000 were with Atahualpa as he underwent ritual purification at the baths in Cajamarca after the defeat of his brother.

        To achieve his goals, Pizarro had tried diplomacy and subterfuge, which had failed. So he hit upon a simple plan. He invited the Inca leader to dine with him in the plaza of Cajamarca, where the Spanish were encamped. Atahualpa did so the next day, Nov. 16, 1532, after finishing his fast, and fell into the hands of the Spanish, who had surrounded the plaza with guns, cannons, and men on horseback — all new and frightening experiences for the natives.

        Over 2,000 of the 6,000 men that had accompanied Atahualpa to the plaza died immediately. Atahualpa was captured, and was forced to order his men to stand down. Though Atahualpa paid a huge ransom of gold and silver, he was not released, but held as a hostage by the Spanish, until his execution. The conquest of the Inca had begun.

        Vocabulary:

        Which words above mean:

        1. caused, started

        2. payment in exchange for freedom

        3. one who will inherit

        4. conquerors

        5. period of not eating

        6. trickery

        7. not born of legal marriage

        8. named, chosen

        9. practices to make one’s spirit “clean”

        10. transmission of power

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        Shenzhen Daily E-mail:[email protected]

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