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        QINGDAO TODAY
        在线翻译:
        szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen -> 
        New taxes to deter ‘low value’ travelers
            2019-02-21  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

        世界各地景区用旅游税驱逐“低价值游客”

        Countries and cities have generally tried to encourage tourism — based on the premise that holidaying visitors spend money that fosters economic development.

        But in the age of overtourism, some popular destinations have reached their limit. City centers are clogged with avocado-toast-seeking hoards, historic sites are trampled by selfie-stick toting visitors, and locals are priced out by rising rents. To add insult to injury, many of these tourists don’t spend much money: They use apps to sleuth out super-budget deals, disembark from cruise ships with full bellies to stroll around and then return to their buffets and cabins, or forgo hotels for cheaper accommodation in neighborhoods that were once solely the domain of locals.

        That’s why so-called tourist taxes are cropping up in destinations around the world. Historically, these taxes have been used to fund tourism boards, hospitality trade groups, and destination marketing campaigns — the point being to bring more people into the country down the line.

        But a slew of new tourist taxes, or plans for them, in Venice, Amsterdam, Bali, Edinburgh and New Zealand are taking an opposite tact: They’re using tourist tax revenue to both help the destination control the effects of overtourism, and also to disincentivize certain kinds of travelers.

        Elizabeth Becker, the author of “Overbooked: The Exploding Business of Travel and Tourism,” says the rise of these taxes suggests governments are starting to see that when it comes to tourism, you can have too much of a good thing.

        “It’s only in the last few years you have tourism taxes that are going to control tourism,” Becker said. This is because more and more destinations are recognizing that “there is no getting around the fact that there is a carrying capacity.”

        Many of these measures aren’t simply centered on driving down numbers, but rather, attracting a “lower impact, higher value traveler,” she said — one that is going to spend some money, in addition to using resources or crowding the destination. She cites the example of Venice, which for years did little to stem the tide of visitors displacing locals. Now, in addition to a new tourist tax, the mayor has rolled out new measures meant to moderate tourists’ behavior and their effect on the city.

        Words to Learn 相关词汇

        【侦查 】zhēnchá

        sleuth track, search

        【抑制 】yìzhì

        disincentivize discourage or deter by removing incentives

        通常来说,国家和城市都是鼓励旅游的,前提是来度假的游客和他们的消费能刺激经济增长。

        在这个过度旅游的时代,一些热门景点的接待能力已经超负荷。市中心挤满了寻找牛油果?#20102;?#30340;吃货,历史景点被大群自拍游客破坏,本地人则因为旅游业兴旺催涨房租而租不起房。更讨厌的是,许多游客的消费都不高:他们借助应用程序制定超划算的攻略,在游轮上吃饱了肚子才下船游览,然后又返回游轮吃自助餐,不住酒店而选择廉价的民宿。

        这就是为什?#35789;?#30028;各地的景点都陆续开始征收旅游税。在历史上,旅游税是用来给旅游局、酒店行业组织和景区营销活动提供资金的,目的是在未来吸引更多人来本地旅游。

        然而,威尼斯、阿姆斯特丹、巴厘岛、爱丁堡和新西兰的新旅游税?#35789;?#20026;了达到相反的目的:他们征收旅游税既是为?#31246;?#26223;点控制过度旅游造成的不良影响,也是为了赶走某些类型的游客。

        《超售:旅游业的迅猛发展》的作者伊丽莎白?贝克说,这些税?#20540;?#20852;起意味着政府开?#23478;?#35782;到,旅游业太兴旺也可能好事变坏事。

        贝克说:“控制游客数量的旅游税是几年前才开始出?#20540;摹?#36825;是因为越来越多景点意识到接待能力?#23637;?#26159;有上限的。”

        她说,景点的许多措施不光是要减少游客人数,而?#19968;?#35201;吸引“对环境影响更小、价值更高的游客”,就是占用资源、给景点增加拥挤的同时也愿意花钱的游客。她举威尼斯为例,多年来威尼斯?#36127;?#27809;有采取措施来阻止游客挤走本地?#35828;?#36235;势。

        如今,除了新旅游税,威尼斯市长还出台了多项新措施,旨在调节游客及其对城市的影响。

        (Chinadaily.com.cn)

        深圳报业集团版权所有, 未经授权禁止复制; Copyright 2010, All Rights Reserved.
        Shenzhen Daily E-mail:[email protected]

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